What are moles?
Moles are benign lesions, in some cases pigmented, that can appear over time, and can be related to continuous exposure to the sun, also called nevi, are very common. They can be congenital or acquired lesions. There are multiple options for mole removal in Punjabi Bagh, Paschim Vihar.
Where are they located?
Moles can be located anywhere on the skin, mucous membranes and even on the nails. They are usually lesions that can measure different sizes, and their color is given by the presence of a type of cells containing a pigment called melanin.
The appearance of moles (nevi) is due to the accumulation of melanocytes (specialized skin cells) in the epidermis, dermis or both, secondary to an altered proliferation of them.
Moles are often removed for a variety of reasons. They can be removed by two surgical methods:
- Excision (cut), with or without stitches
- Shaving removal using a dot less scalpel blade
Although laser excision has been attempted for moles, it is not the method of choice for most deep moles because laser light does not penetrate deep enough, and there is no remaining tissue to examine pathologically.
Usually, the best plastic surgeon in Punjabi Bagh can choose excision with or without stitches, depending on the depth of the pint and the type of cosmetic result desired.
Mole Removal Risks
Risks of mole removal in Paschim Vihar range from infection to allergy to rare anesthesia and very rare nerve damage. It is always prudent to choose a plastic surgeon in Paschim Vihar with appropriate skills and experience with these removals. This will decrease the risks associated with this procedure.
- Other risks vary depending on the area to be treated and the removal method.
- One of the most common difficulties after mole removal is a scar. Many people try to remove moles for cosmetic reasons, not realizing that each removal will result in a scar. Often your plastic surgeon in Delhi can give you an idea of the type of scar after removing the mole before making your decision on removal.
Preparation for mole removal in Punjabi Bagh
- The area to be treated will be cleared. Depending on the surgeon’s preferences, this will be done with alcohol, Betadine or other suitable material.
- Then the area will be anesthetized, such as lidocaine. This usually doesn’t take long to do. Many surgeons prefer to wait after numbness to allow blood flow to the area to decrease (sometimes up to 10 minutes).
- Depending on the size of the mole and the method used for excision, a sterile field can be placed over the area to be treated, although the procedure does not need to be done in a sterile environment.
During the mole removal procedure
- Removal with simple shaving without stitches
- The surgeon takes a scalpel and scrapes the mole from the face or slightly below the level of the skin.
- Then, either an electrical instrument will cauterize or burn the area or a solution will be placed in the area to stop any bleeding.
- The wound is then covered with a bandage.
- The doctor will give you instructions on how to take care of your wound. You can usually leave the office shortly after.
- Excision removal with stitches
- The strips removed by excision (cut) with stitches are usually in cosmetically sensitive areas, where an ideal scar is desired.
- The surgeon maps the mole, cleans the area and falls asleep.
- Then a scalpel is used to cut the mole and a ledge around the mole. The size of the border depends on the surgeon’s concern for mole removal. If there is concern that the mole may be precancerous or carcinogenic, a larger edge will be removed to ensure that the mole itself is completely excised.
- Depending on the depth of the mole (how deeply the mole penetrates the skin), the spots are placed or deep (these are absorbed by the body and do not have to be removed) or on the upper surface of the skin (these don’t absorb and will be removed later).
After the mole removal procedure
- Home care
- After the procedure of mole removal in Punjabi Bagh, you need to keep a layer of Vaseline and a bandage on the wound.
- Clean the wound once or twice a day with water or diluted hydrogen peroxide.
- After cleaning the wound, apply the petrolatum and bandage.
- These steps are repeated until the wound is healed.
- Misconceptions about healing
- Some people think that wounds need to be opened to air and this helps in healing. Several studies have refuted this and found significantly faster healing with antibiotic bandages and ointments.
- Similarly, it was found that vitamin E slowed healing rather than accelerating it, and scars can be worse with vitamin E placed directly on wounds than without it.
- There are several remedies for scars on the market. All of these have the common feature of covering a scar and providing a healing membrane during and after the initial procedure. These provide little or no benefit on petrolatum alone.
Next steps after mole removal in Paschim Vihar
Simple mole removals are not often accompanied by a visit to the clinic, but this may vary depending on the type of mole.
- For laboratory results: You may receive a call from the doctor if there is any indication of unusual features once the tissue has been analyzed by a pathologist. Then you would see the doctor for a further review of the area and thorough examination of the rest of your body.
- For removal of the stitch: The follow-up depends on the area that received the stitches and the type of suture that was used. Facial sutures are typically removed within four to seven days. Stitches elsewhere are usually removed from eight to 21 days, depending on the type of suture and the surgeon’s preference.
- To avoid infection: During recovery time, you need to be careful not to soil the area. In addition, trauma should be avoided for the area, including preventing unnecessary stress and tension into the area.
When to seek medical attention
It is necessary to call the doctor if you notice any of these signs of infection:
- Excessive secretion, bleeding or foul fluid from the wound
- Fever above 100 F (in adult) or above 101 F (in children)
- If the pain is severe and does not disappear if you take paracetamol (Tylenol, ).
- Do not use aspirin or its equivalents after surgery. Aspirin or similar products such as ibuprofen and naproxen may increase the likelihood of bleeding. If you need to take these medications, ask your doctor before surgery.
- If possible, temporarily stop any other medicine to dilute the blood that may delay healing time. Before the procedure, the surgeon will discuss your medications with you and make the appropriate recommendations if you are taking thinner blood medications (medications that interfere with blood clotting).
It is rarely necessary to go to the hospital after removal of the mole. If catastrophic bleeding occurs or if there is a change in mental status or severe infection, this will ensure a visit to the hospital’s emergency department.
- Usually, it is better to call the surgeon’s office first to make sure that the doctor does not have a suggestion, which can eliminate the need to go to the hospital.
- If excessive bleeding occurs, keep firm pressure on the wound for at least 30 minutes.
- In addition, ice can be applied to the wound for the treatment of pain, but ice does not stop bleeding (contrary to popular myth).
Doctors remove many moles every day, but there is always a recurring theme that surgeons tell people: Be aware of your body and any moles that have changed over time. This is especially true for dark or flat spots. Invariably, people will see doctors and get extremely concerned about increased, slightly colored signs, but they are not concerned about dark and black melanoma (skin cancer) near the mole. This is really important.
In addition, it is imperative to minimize sun exposure and use sunscreen when you are away. If you go to your plastic surgeon for evaluation, be receptive to a full-body mole exam, as it is important to examine your entire body rather than ignoring areas that you may not be able to inspect regularly.